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Research Themes & Publications

Sustainable land use and coupled human-natural systems

Ecosystem ecology, nutrient cycling and modeling

Ecosystem and landscape carbon storage

Plant community ecology and restoration ecology

Student in the field

Alicia Lindauer-Thompson records tree species, sizes and locations in the field

Sustainable land use and coupled human-natural systems

Publications:

Xu, Hui, Daniel G. Brown, Michael R. Moore, and William S. Currie.  2018. Optimizing spatial land management to balance water quality and economic returns in a Lake Erie watershed. Ecological Economics 145:104-114..

Graham, John B., Joan I. Nassauer, William S. Currie, Herbert Ssegane, and M. Cristina Negri. 2017. Assessing wild bee abundance in perennial bioenergy landscapes: Effects of bioenergy crop composition, landscape configuration, and bioenergy crop area. Landscape Ecology 32:1023-103.

Currie William S., Sarah Kiger, Joan I. Nassauer, Meghan Hutchins, Lauren L. Marshall, Daniel G. Brown, Rick L. Riolo, Derek T. Robinson, and Stephanie K. Hart. 2016. Multi-scale heterogeneity in vegetation and soil carbon in exurban residential land of Southeastern MI. Ecological Applications 26:1421-1436.

Brunner, Anna, William S. Currie, and Shelie Miller. 2015. Cellulosic ethanol production: Landscape scale net carbon strongly affected by forest decision making. Biomass and Bioenergy 83:32-41

Fouladbash, Lisa and William S. Currie.  2015. Agroforestry in Liberia: Household Practices, Perceptions and Livelihood Benefits. Agroforestry Systems 89:247-266.

Visscher, Rachel S., Joan I Nassauer, Daniel G. Brown, William S. Currie, and Dawn C. Parker.  2014. Exurban residential household behaviors and values: Influence of parcel size and neighbors on carbon storage potential.  Landscape and Urban Planning 132:37-46.

Kahan, Ari, William S. Currie, and Daniel G. Brown.  2014.  Nitrogen and Carbon Biogeochemistry in Forest Sites Along an Indirect Urban-Rural Gradient in Southeastern Michigan. Forests 5:643-655.

Nassauer, J.I., Cooper, D.A., Marshall, L.L., Currie, William S., Hutchins, M., Brown, D.G. 2014. Parcel size related to household behaviors affecting carbon storage in exurban residential landscapes. Landscape and Urban Planning 129:55-64.

Robinson, Derek T., Shipeng Sun, Meghan Hutchins, Rick L. Riolo, Daniel G. Brown, Dawn C. Parker, Tatiana Filatova, William S. Currie, and Sarah Kiger. 2013. Effects of land markets and land management on ecosystem function: A framework for modeling exurban land-change. Environmental Modeling and Software 45:129-14.

Robinson. D.T., Brown, D.G., and W.S. Currie.  2009.  Modelling carbon storage in highly fragmented and human-dominated landscapes: linking land-cover patterns and ecosystem models. Ecological Modelling 220:1325-1338.

Simmons, J. A., W. S. Currie, K. N. Eshleman, K. Kuers, S. Monteleone, T. L. Negley, B. R. Pohlad, and C. L. Thomas. 2008. Forest to reclaimed mine land use change leads to altered ecosystem structure and function. Ecological Applications 18:104-118.

Seidl, R., W. Rammer, D. Jäger, W. S. Currie and M. J. Lexer.  2007.  Assessing trade-offs between carbon sequestration and timber production within a framework of multi-purpose forestry in Austria. Forest Ecology and Management 248:64-69.

Currie, William S. and Knute J. Nadelhoffer.  2002. The imprint of land use history:  Patterns of carbon and nitrogen in downed woody debris at the Harvard Forest. Ecosystems 5(5):446-460.

Simmons, Jeffrey A. and William S. Currie.  2005.  Alteration of soil phosphorus pools from coal mining and reclamation. Annual Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Science, 77(2):31-41 (2005).

Ecosystem ecology, nutrient cycling and modeling

Publications:

Martina, Jason P., William S. Currie, Deborah E. Goldberg and Kenneth J. Elgersma.  2016. Nitrogen loading leads to increased carbon accretion in both invaded and uninvaded coastal wetlands. Ecosphere 7(9):e01459.

Currie, William S., Deborah E. Goldberg, Jason Martina, Radka Wildova, Emily Farrer, and Kenneth Elgersma.  2014.  Emergence of nutrient-cycling feedbacks related to plant size and invasion success in a wetland community-ecosystem model. Ecological Modelling 282: 69-82.

Templer, PH, MC Mack, FS Chapin III, LM Christenson, JE Compton, HD Crook, WS Currie, C Curtis, B Dail, CM D’Antonio, BA Emmett, H Epstein, CL Goodale, P Gundersen, SE Hobbie, K Holland, DU Hooper, BA Hungate, S Lamontagne, KJ Nadelhoffer, CW Osenberg, SS Perakis, P Schleppi, J Schimel, IK Schmidt, M Sommerkorn, J Spoelstra, A Tietema, WW Wessel and DR Zak.  2012.  Sinks for Nitrogen Inputs in Terrestrial Ecosystems: A Meta-Analysis of 15N Tracer Field Studies. Ecology 93(8): 1816–1829.

Whittinghill, Kyle A., William S. Currie, Donald R. Zak, Andrew J. Burton and Kurt S. Pregitzer.  2012.  Anthropogenic N deposition increases soil C storage by decreasing the extent of litter decay: analysis of field observations with an ecosystem model. Ecosystems 15(3): 450-461.

Krause Kim, Isabelle Providoli, William S. Currie, Harald Bugmann, Patrick Schleppi. 2012. Long-term tracing of whole catchment 15N additions in a mountain spruce forest: measurements and simulations with the TRACE model. Trees – Structure and Function 26:1683-1702.

Currie, William S.  2012.  Energy Flow.  In Oxford Bibliographies Online: Ecology.  Ed. David Gibson.  New York:  Oxford University Press.  Available at:  http://oxfordbibliographiesonline.com. DOI: 10.1093/OBO/9780199830060-0047.

Currie, William S.  2011.  Units of nature or processes across scales?  The ecosystem concept at age 75.  (Invited Tansley Review.) New Phytologist 190:21-34.

Hofmockel, Kirsten, Anne Gallet-Budynek, Heather McCarthy, William S. Currie, Robert B Jackson, and Adrien C Finzi.  2011.  Sources of increased N uptake in forest trees growing under elevated CO2:  Results of a large-scale 15N tracer study. Global Change Biology 17: 3338–3350.

Currie, William S., Harmon, M.E., Burke, I.C., Hart, S.C., Parton, W.J., and Silver, W.L. 2010. Cross-biome transplants of plant litter show decomposition models extend to a broader climatic range but lose predictability at the decadal time scale. Global Change Biology 16: 1744-1761.

Harmon, M. E., W. L. Silver, B. Fasth, H. Chen, I. C. Burke, W. J. Parton, S. C. Hart, and W. S. Currie. 2009. Long-term patterns of mass loss during the decomposition of leaf and fine root litter: an intersite comparison. Global Change Biology 15:1320-1338.

Currie, William S., and Kathleen M. Bergen. 2008. Temperate Forest. Pages 3494-3503 in S. E. Jorgensen and B. D. Fath, Editors-in-chief, Ecosystems, vol. 5 of Encyclopedia of Ecology, 5 vols. Elsevier B. V., Oxford.

Currie, William S.  2007.  Modeling the dynamics of stable-isotope ratios for ecosystem biogeochemistry.  Pp 450-479 In Lajtha, K. and Michener, R., Eds, Stable Isotope Ratios in Ecology and Environmental Science, 2nd Edition.  Blackwell.

Parton, William, Whendee L. Silver, Ingrid Burke, Leo Grassens, Mark E. Harmon, William S. Currie, Jennifer King, E. Carol Adair, Leslie Brandt, Steve Hart, and Becky Fasth.  2007.  Global-Scale Similarities In Nitrogen Release Patterns During Long-Term Decomposition. Science 315: 361-364.

Castro, Mark S., Keith N. Eshleman, Louis F. Pitelka, Geoff Frech, Molly Ramsey, William S. Currie, Karen Kuers, Jeffrey A. Simmons, Bob R. Pohlad, Carolyn L. Thomas, and David M. Johnson.  2007.  Symptoms of nitrogen saturation in an aggrading forested watershed in western Maryland. Biogeochemistry 84:333-348.

Chastain, Robert A. Jr., William S. Currie, and Philip A. Townsend.  2006.  Carbon Sequestration and Nutrient Cycling Implications of the Evergreen Understory Layer in Appalachian Forests. Forest Ecology and Management 231: 63-77.

Currie, William S., Knute J. Nadelhoffer, and John D. Aber.  2004.  Redistributions of 15N highlight turnover and replenishment of mineral soil organic N as a long-term control on forest C balance. Forest Ecology and Management, 196:109-127.

Nadelhoffer, Knute J., Benjamin P. Colman, William S. Currie, Alison Magill, and John D. Aber.  2004.  Decadal-scale fates of 15N tracers added to oak and pine stands under ambient and elevated N inputs at the Harvard Forest (USA). Forest Ecology and Management, 196:89-107.

Magill, Alison H., John D. Aber, William S. Currie, Knute J. Nadelhoffer, Mary Martin, William H. McDowell, Jerry M. Melillo, and Paul Steudler.  2004.  Ecosystem response to 15 years of chronic nitrogen additions at the Harvard Forest LTER, Massachusetts, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 196:7-28.

Luo, Y., B. Su, William S. Currie, J. S. Dukes, A. Finzi, U. Hartwig, B. Hungate, R. McMurtrie, R. Oren, W. J. Parton, D. Pataki, R. Shaw, D. R. Zak, and C. Field.  2004.  Progressive nitrogen limitation of ecosystem responses to rising atmospheric carbon dioxide. BioScience 54:731-739.

Aber, John D., Alison Magill, Knute J. Nadelhoffer, Jerry Melillo, Paul Steudler, Patricia Micks, Joseph Hendricks, Richard Bowden, William S. Currie, William H. McDowell, and Greg Berntson. 2004. Exploring the process of nitrogen saturation. Pages 259-279 in D. Foster and J. D. Aber, editors. Forests in Time: The Environmental Consequences of 1,000 Years of Change in New England. New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 259-279.

Aber, John D., William S. Currie, Mark Castro, Mary Martin, and Scott Ollinger.  2004.  Synthesis and Extrapolation: Models, Remote Sensing and Regional Analysis. Chapter 17 In: Foster, D., and J. Aber (eds.) Forests in Time: The Environmental Consequences of 1,000 Years of Change in New England.  New Haven: Yale University Press, p. 338-362.

Currie, William S.  2003.  Relationships between carbon turnover and bioavailable energy fluxes in two temperate forest soils. Global Change Biology 9(6):919-930.

Townsend, Philip A., Jane R. Foster, Robert A. Chastain, Jr., and William S. Currie.  2003.  Application of imaging spectroscopy to mapping canopy nitrogen in forests of the Central Appalachian Mountains using Hyperion and AVIRIS. IEEE Transactions on Geosciences and Remote Sensing 41(6):1347-1354.

Currie, William S., Knute J. Nadelhoffer and Benjamin Colman.  2002.  Long-term movement of 15N tracers into fine woody debris under chronically elevated N inputs. Plant and Soil 238:313-323.

Wullschleger, S. D., R. B. Jackson, William S. Currie, A. D. Friend, Y. Luo, F. Mouillot, Y. Pan, and G. Shao.  2001.  Below-ground processes in gap models for simulating forest responses to global change. Climatic Change 51:449-473.

Ramsey, Molly, William S. Currie, and Madhura V. Kulkarni.  2001.  Contrasting pattern and process in natural and rehabilitated ecosystems:  The role of microtopography.  Recent Research Developments in Ecology 1:129-144.  Trivandrum, India: Transworld Research Network.

Currie, William S. and Knute J. Nadelhoffer.  1999.  Dynamic redistribution of isotopically labelled cohorts of nitrogen inputs in two temperate forests. Ecosystems 2:4-18.

Currie, William S.  1999.  The responsive C and N biogeochemistry of the temperate forest floor. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 14:316-320.

Currie, William S., Knute J. Nadelhoffer, and John D. Aber.  1999.  Soil detrital processes controlling the movement of 15N tracers to forest vegetation. Ecological Applications 9:87-102.

Currie, William S., John D. Aber, and Charles T. Driscoll.  1999.  Leaching of nutrient cations from the forest floor:  Effects of nitrogen saturation in two long-term manipulations. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 29:609-620.

Moorhead, Darryl, William S. Currie, Edward Rastetter, William Parton, and Mark Harmon.  1999.  Climate and litter quality controls on decomposition:  An analysis of modeling approaches. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 13:575-589

Aber, John D., William H. McDowell, Knute J. Nadelhoffer, Alison Magill, Greg Bernston, Mark Kamakea, Steven G. McNulty, William S. Currie, Lindsey Rustad, and Ivan Fernandez.  1998.  Nitrogen saturation in temperate forest ecosystems:  Hypotheses revisited. BioScience 48:921-934.

McDowell, William H., William S. Currie, John D. Aber, and Yuriko Yano.  1998.  Effects of chronic nitrogen amendment on production of dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen in forest soils.  Water, Air and Soil Pollution 105:175-182.

Currie, William S. and John D. Aber.  1997.  Modeling leaching as a decomposition process in humid montane forests. Ecology 78:1844-1860.

Currie, William S., John D. Aber, William H. McDowell, Richard D. Boone, and Alison H. Magill.  1996.  Vertical transport of dissolved organic C and N under long-term N amendments in pine and hardwood forests. Biogeochemistry 35:471-505.

Currie, William S., James N. Galloway, and Herman H. Shugart.  1996.  Watershed base-cation cycle dynamics modeled over forest regrowth in a Central Appalachian ecosystem. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 89:1-22.

Merriam, Jeffrey, William H. McDowell, and William S. Currie.  1996.  A high-temperature catalytic oxidation technique for determining total dissolved nitrogen. Soil Science Society of America Journal 60:1050-1055.

Ecosystem and landscape carbon storage

Publications:

Martina, Jason P., William S. Currie, Deborah E. Goldberg and Kenneth J. Elgersma.  2016. Nitrogen loading leads to increased carbon accretion in both invaded and uninvaded coastal wetlands. Ecosphere 7(9): e01459.

Currie William S., Sarah Kiger, Joan I. Nassauer, Meghan Hutchins, Lauren L. Marshall, Daniel G. Brown, Rick L. Riolo, Derek T. Robinson, and Stephanie K. Hart. 2016. Multi-scale heterogeneity in vegetation and soil carbon in exurban residential land of Southeastern MI. Ecological Applications 26(5): 1421-1436.

Brunner, Anna, William S. Currie, and Shelie Miller. 2015. Cellulosic ethanol production: Landscape scale net carbon strongly affected by forest decision making. Biomass and Bioenergy 83:32-41.

Visscher, Rachel S., Joan I Nassauer, Daniel G. Brown, William S. Currie, and Dawn C. Parker.  2014. Exurban residential household behaviors and values: Influence of parcel size and neighbors on carbon storage potential.  Landscape and Urban Planning 132:37-46.

Kahan, Ari, William S. Currie, and Daniel G. Brown.  2014.  Nitrogen and Carbon Biogeochemistry in Forest Sites Along an Indirect Urban-Rural Gradient in Southeastern Michigan. Forests 5:643-655.

Nassauer, J.I., Cooper, D.A., Marshall, L.L., Currie, William S., Hutchins, M., Brown, D.G. 2014. Parcel size related to household behaviors affecting carbon storage in exurban residential landscapes. Landscape and Urban Planning 129:55-64.

Whittinghill, Kyle A., William S. Currie, Donald R. Zak, Andrew J. Burton and Kurt S. Pregitzer.  2012.  Anthropogenic N deposition increases soil C storage by decreasing the extent of litter decay: analysis of field observations with an ecosystem model. Ecosystems 15(3): 450-461.

Currie, William S., Harmon, M.E., Burke, I.C., Hart, S.C., Parton, W.J., and Silver, W.L. 2010. Cross-biome transplants of plant litter show decomposition models extend to a broader climatic range but lose predictability at the decadal time scale. Global Change Biology 16: 1744-1761.

Seidl, R., W. Rammer, D. Jäger, W. S. Currie and M. J. Lexer.  2007.  Assessing trade-offs between carbon sequestration and timber production within a framework of multi-purpose forestry in Austria. Forest Ecology and Management 248:64-699.

Chastain, Robert A. Jr., William S. Currie, and Philip A. Townsend.  2006.  Carbon Sequestration and Nutrient Cycling Implications of the Evergreen Understory Layer in Appalachian Forests. Forest Ecology and Management 231: 63-77.

Johnston, C. A., P. Groffman, D. D. Breshears, Z. G. Cardon, William S. Currie, W. R. Emanuel, J. B. Gaudinski, R. B. Jackson, K. Lajtha, K. Nadelhoffer, D. W. Nelson, W. M. Post, G. J. Retallack, and L. Wielpolski.  2004.  The frontier below:  Carbon cycling in soil. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10:522-528.

Yanai, Ruth D., William S. Currie, and Christine L. Goodale.  2003.  Soil carbon dynamics following forest harvest: an ecosystem paradigm reconsidered. Ecosystems 6:197-212.

Currie, William S., Ruth D. Yanai, Kathryn B. Piatek, Cynthia E. Prescott and Christine L. Goodale.  2003.  Processes affecting carbon storage in the forest floor and in downed woody debris.  Chapter 9 In Kimble, J. M. et al., Eds., The Potential for U.S. Forest Soils to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect.  Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL.

Currie, William S. and Knute J. Nadelhoffer.  2002. The imprint of land use history:  Patterns of carbon and nitrogen in downed woody debris at the Harvard Forest. Ecosystems 5(5):446-460.

Plant community ecology and restoration ecology

Publications:

Goldberg, Deborah E., Jason P. Martina, Kenneth J. Elgersma, and William S. Currie.  Plant size and competitive dynamics along nutrient gradients.  American Naturalist, in press.  doi:10.1086/692438

Elgersma, Kenneth J., Jason P. Martina, Deborah E. Goldberg, and William S. Currie.  2017.  Effectiveness of cattail (Typha spp.) management techniques depends on exogenous nitrogen inputs. Elementa, Science of the Anthropocene 5:19. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.147

Elgersma, K.J., R. Wildova, J.P. Martina, W.S. Currie, and D.E. Goldberg. 2015. Does clonal resource translocation relate to invasiveness of Typha taxa?  Results from a common garden experiment. Aquatic Botany 126:48-53.